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Muthiah Bhagavathar


Thursday, 15 November, 1877 to Saturday, 30 June, 1945


Muthiah Bhagavathar was a popular composer of carnatic music. Muthiah Bhagavathar has composed more than 400 compositions including varnams, thillanas and kritis. He created many popular ragas as well including - Hamsanandhi, Budhamanohari, Karnaranjani, Niroshta and Vijaysaraswathi. 


Brief history: 

Muthiah was born in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. Muthiah's father was a patron of carnatic music and hence Muthiah was initiated into music early in his life. Padinaindu mandapa Sambasiva Iyer was his first guru. Muthiah trained under him for close to 9 years and became renowned as a harikatha artist. 


Musical Journey: 

Muthiah Bhagavathar was adept at playing instruments as well including chitraveena and Mrudangam. He was considered an authority in carnatic music and had written a treatise, Sangeetha Kalpa Drumam. He was the first musician to be awarded a doctorate in India. The kindoms of Mysore and Travancore honoured Muthiah Bhagavathar. He composed 115 kritis in Kannada in praise of Lord Chamundeswari. He was awarded the Sangita Kalanidhi award in 1930. He had many disciples including the famous Madurai Mani Iyer.


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